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齿轮传动噪声形成的主要原因及对策
发布时间:2017-08-30 05:05:09浏览:739次
  • 详细介绍

 传统衡量齿轮传动性能的两个主要因素是:负载能力和疲劳寿命,往往将传动噪音与传动精度忽略掉。随着ISO14000、ISO18000两项标准的相继颁布,控制齿轮传动噪音这一因素的重要性日趋明显,工业发展与需求对高精密设备的传动误差的要求也越来越严格(齿轮传动侧隙)。目前已知的齿轮噪音形成因素,大致可从设计、制造、安装、使用维护等几个方面分析。

设计原因及对策
1. 齿轮精度等级

众盈彩票登陆CHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGSHEJISHI,SHEJIZHEWANGWANGCONGJINGJIYINSUKAOLV,JINKENENGBIJIAOJINGJIDEQUEDINGCHILUNJINGDUDENGJI,SHUBUZHIJINGDUDENGJISHICHILUNCHANSHENGZAOSHENGDENGJIYUCEXIDEBIAOJI。MEIGUOCHILUNZHIZAOXIEHUICENGTONGGUODALIANGDECHILUNYANJIU,QUEDINGGAOJINGDUDENGJICHILUNBIDIJINGDUDENGJICHILUNCHANSHENGDEZAOSHENGYAOXIAODEDUO。YINCI,ZAITIAOJIANYUNXUDEQINGKUANGXIA,YINGJINKENENGTIGAOCHILUNDEJINGDUDENGJI,LAIJIANXIAOCHILUNZAOSHENG,JIANSHAOCHUANDONGWUCHA。

2. 齿轮宽度

ZAICHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGYUNXUSHI,ZENGJIACHIKUAN,KEYIJIANSHAOHENGDINGNIUJUXIADEDANWEIFUHE。JIANGDILUNCHINAOQU,JIANSHAOZAOSHENGJILI,CONGERJIANGDICHUANDONGZAOSHENG。DEGUOHAOPAZIDEYANJIUBIAOMING,NIUJUHENGDINGSHI,XIAOCHIKUANBIDACHIKUANZAOSHENGQUXIANTIDUGAO。TONGSHIZENGZHANGCHIKUANNENGJIADACHILUNDECHENGZAINENGLI。

3. 齿距和压力角

XIAOCHIJUNENGBAOZHENGYOUJIAODUODELUNCHITONGSHIJIECHU,CHILUNZHONGDIEZENGDUO,JIANSHAODANGECHILUNNAOQU,JIANGDICHUANDONGZAOSHENG,TIGAOCHUANDONGJINGDU。JIAOXIAODEYALIJIAOYOUYUCHILUNJIECHUJIAOHEHENGXIANGZHONGDIEBIDOUBIJIAODA,YINCIYUNZHUANZAOSHENGXIAO、JINGDUGAO。

4. 运转速度

众盈彩票登陆GENJUDEGUOHAOPAZIDESHIYANYANJIUBIAOMING,SUIZHECHILUNYUNZHUANSUDUZENGJIA,ZAOSHENGDENGJISHENGGAO。

5. 齿轮箱结构

众盈彩票登陆SHIYANYANJIUBIAOMING,CAIYONGYUANTONGXINGXIANGTIDUIJIANZHENYOULI,ZAIQITATIAOJIANXIANGTONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,PUTONGJIEGOUCHILUNXIANGTIDEZAOSHENGJIBIYUANTONGXINGXIANGTIZAOSHENGJIPINGJUNGAO6dB。DUICHILUNXIANGTIJINXINGGONGZHENCESHI,ZHAOCHUGONGZHENWEIZHI,ZENGJIASHIDANGDEJINTIAO(BAN),KEYIMINGXIANDIJIANSHAOZHENDONG,JIANGDIZAOSHENG。DUOJICHILUNCHUANDONGSHIYAOQIUSHUNSHICHUANDONGBIDEBIANHUAJINLIANGXIAO,YIBAOZHENGCHUANDONGPINGWEN,CHONGJIJIZHENDONGXIAO,ZAOSHENGDI。

6. 齿轮声辐射特征分析

ZAIXUANZEYONGBUTONGJIEGOUXINGSHIDECHILUNSHI,DUIQITEDINGJIEGOUJIANLISHENGFUSHEMOXING,JINXINGDONGLIXUEFENXI,DUICHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGZAOSHENGJINXINGYUXIANPINGGU。YIBIANGENJUSHIYONGZHEDEBUTONGYAOQIU(SHIYONGCHANGSUO,SHIFOUWURENCAOZUO,SHIFOUZAICHENGQUNEI,DISHANG、DIXIAJIANZHUWUYOUWUTEDINGYAOQIU,SHIFOUYOUZAOSHENGFANGHU,HUOWUQITATEDINGYAOQIU)QUMANZU。

制造原因及对策
1. 误差影响

众盈彩票登陆ZHIZAOGUOCHENGCHIXINGWUCHA、CHIJUWUCHA、CHIXIANGWUCHASHIDAOZHICHUANDONGZAOSHENGDEZHUYAOWUCHA。YESHICHILUNCHUANDONGJINGDUNANYIBAOZHENGDEYIGEWENTIDIAN。

众盈彩票登陆CHIXINGWUCHAXIAO、CHIMIANCUCAODUXIAODECHILUN,ZAIXIANGTONGSHIYANTIAOJIANXIA,QIZAOSHENGBIPUTONGCHILUNYAOXIAO10dB。CHIJUWUCHAXIAODECHILUN,ZAIXIANGTONGSHIYANTIAOJIANXIA,QIZAOSHENGJIBIPUTONGCHILUNYAOXIAO6~12dB。DANRUGUOYOUCHIJUWUCHACUNZAI,FUZAIDUICHILUNZAOSHENGDEYINGXIANGJIANGHUIJIANSHAO。

众盈彩票登陆CHIXIANGWUCHAJIANGDAOZHICHUANDONGGONGLVBUSHIQUANCHIKUANCHUANDI,JIECHUQUZHUANXIANGCHIDEZHEIDUANMIANHUONEIGEDUANMIAN,YINJUBUSHOULIZENGDALUNCHINAOQU,DAOZHIZAOSHENGJITIGAO。DANZAIGAOFUZAISHI,CHIBIANXINGKEYIBUFENMIBUCHIXIANGWUCHA。

 

齿轮噪声的产生与传动精度有很直接的关系。
2. 装配同心度和动平衡

ZHUANGPEIBUTONGXINJIANGDAOZHIZHOUXIYUNZHUANDEBUPINGHENG,QIEYOUYUCHILUNNIEHEBANBIANSONGBANBIANJIN,GONGTONGDAOZHIZAOSHENGJIAJU。GAOJINGDUCHILUNCHUANDONGZHUANGPEISHIDEBUPINGHENGJIANGYANZHONGYINGXIANGCHUANDONGXITONGJINGDU。

3. 齿面硬度

SUIZHECHILUNYINGCHIMIANJISHUDEFAZHAN,QICHENGZAINENGLIDA、TIJIXIAO、ZHONGLIANGQING、CHUANDONGJINGDUGAODENGTEDIANSHIQIYINGYONGLINGYURIQUGUANGFAN。DANWEIHUODEYINGCHIMIANCAIYONGDESHENTANCUIYINGSHICHILUNCHANSHENGBIANXING,DAOZHICHILUNCHUANDONGZAOSHENGZENGDA,SHOUMINGSUODUAN。WEIJIANSHAOZAOSHENG,XUDUICHIMIANJINXINGJINGJIAGONG。MUQIANCHUCAIYONGCHUANTONGDEMOCHIFANGFAWAI,YOUFAZHANCHUYIZHONGYINGCHIMIANGUAXUEFANGFA,TONGGUOXIUZHENGCHIDINGHECHIGEN,HUOBAZHUBEIDONGLUNDECHIXINGDOUDIAOXIAO,LAIJIANSHAOCHILUNNIERUYUNIECHUCHONGJI,CONGERJIANSHAOCHILUNCHUANDONGZAOYIN。

4. 系统指标检定

众盈彩票登陆ZAIZHUANGPEIQIANLINGBUJIANDEJIAGONGJINGDUJIDUILINGBUJIANDEXUANPEIFANGFA(WANQUANHUHUAN,FENZUXUANPEI,DANJIANXUANPEIDENG),JIANGHUIYINGXIANGDAOXITONGZHUANGPEIHOUDEJINGDUDENGJI,QIZAOSHENGDENGJIYEZAIYINGXIANGFANWEIZHINEI,YINCI,ZHUANGPEIHOUDUIXITONGGEXIANGZHIBIAOJINXINGJIANDING(HUOBIAODING),DUIKONGZHIXITONGZAOSHENGSHIHENGUANJIANDE。

安装原因及对策
1. 减振和阻断措施

众盈彩票登陆DUICHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGZAIANZHUANGSHIYINGJINLIANGBIMIANJISHENYUJICHUZHICHENGJILIANJIEJIANZHIJIANFASHENGGONGZHEN,CHANSHENGZAOSHENG。CHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGCHANGCHANGHUIFASHENGYIZHIHUOJIZHICHILUNZAIMOUXIESUDUFANWEINEICHANSHENGGONGZHEN,CHUSHEJIYUANYINWAI,YUANZHUANGSHIWEIJINGKONGSHIJIUCHUGONGZHENWEIZHI。BINGCAIQUXIANGYINGJIANZHENHUOZUDUANCUOSHIYOUZHIJIEGUANXI。MOUXIEYAOQIUDICHUANDONGZAOSHENGHEZHENDONGDECHILUNCHUANDONGXITONG(RUJIANCEYIQI),YINGXUANYONGGAORENXING,GAOZUNIDEJICHUCAILIAO(RUYEJINSHEJIYANJIUYUANYANZHIDEHUANYANGSHUZHISHAJIANGJICHUCAILIAO)LAIJIANSHAOZAOSHENGHEZHENDONGDEFASHENG。

2. 几何精度调整

YOUYUANZHUANGSHIJIHEJINGDUWEIDADAOBIAOZHUNGUIDINGDEYAOQIU,DAOZHICHUANDONGXITONGFASHENGGONGZHEN,CONGERCHANSHENGZAOSHENG,ZHEIJIUYINGGAIZAIGAISHANANZHUANGGONGYI,ZENGJIAGONGZHUANG,BAOZHENGZHUANGPEIRENYUANDEZHENGTISUZHIYOUZHIJIEGUANXI。

3. 零部件松动

ZAIANZHUANGSHIYOUYUGEBIELINGBUJIANDESONGDONG(RUZHOUCHENGYUJINJIGOU,ZHOUXIDINGWEIJIGOU,BOCHAXIANWEIJIGOUDENG),DAOZHIXITONGDINGWEIBUZHUN,FEIZHENGCHANGWEIZHINIEHE,ZHOUXIYIDONG,CHANSHENGZHENDONGHEZAOSHENG。ZHEIYIXILIEXUCONGSHEJIJIEGOUCHUFA,JINLIANGBAOZHENGGEJIGOUDELIANJIEWENDING,CAIYONGDUOZHONGLIANJIEFANGSHI。

4. 传动部件损坏

众盈彩票登陆ZAIANZHUANGSHIYOUYUBUDANGCAOZUOSUNSHANGCHUANDONGBUJIAN,DAOZHIXITONGYUNDONGBUZHUNQUEHUOYUNDONGSHIWEN;GAOSUYUNDONGBUJIANYOUYUSHOUSUNDAOZHIYOUMOZHENDONG;RENWEIZAOCHENGYUNDONGJIANDONGBUPINGHENG;DOUCHANSHENGZHENDONGHEZAOSHENG。ZHEIXIEYUANYINZAIANZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONGDOUSHIBIXUZHUYIHEJINLIANGBIMIANDE。DUIWUFAXIUFUDESUNSHANGLINGBUJIAN,BIXUYUYIGENGHUAN,YIBAOZHENGXITONGHUODEWENDINGDEZAOSHENGDENGJI。

使用维护原因及对策

DUICHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGZHENGQUEDESHIYONGWEIHUSUIBUNENGJIANGDIXITONGZAOSHENGDENGJI,BAOZHENGCHUANDIJINGDU,DANQUENENGFANGZHIQIZHIBIAOLIEHUA,ZENGDASHIYONGSHOUMING。

1. 传动系统内部清洁

CHUANDONGXITONGNEIBUDEQINGJIESHIBAOZHENGCHILUNZHENGCHANGYUNZHUANDEJIBENTIAOJIAN,RENHEZAZHIWUWUDEJINRUDOUJIANGYINGXIANGBINGSUNSHANGCHILUNCHUANDONGXITONG,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIZAOSHENGDECHANSHENG,SUNHUAICHUANDONGXITONG。

2. 系统正常工作的工作温度

BAOZHENGCHUANDONGXITONGZHENGCHANGDEGONGZUOWENDU,FANGZHIXITONGYINGUODADEWENSHENGCHANSHENGBIANXING,DAOZHIFEIZHENGCHANGNIEHE,KEYIFANGZHIZAOSHENGDEZENGDA。

3. 及时的润滑和正确使用油品

众盈彩票登陆BURENZHENDERUNHUAHECUOWUDESHIYONGRUNHUAYOUZHIDOUJIANGDUIXITONGCHANSHENGBUKEGULIANGDESUNHAI。BAOZHENGXITONGDEDAOJISHIZHENGQUEDERUNHUA,KESHIXITONGBAOCHIZAIYIDINGDEZAOSHENGDENGJIFANWEINEI,YANHUANLIEHUAQUSHI。GAOSUYUNZHUANDECHILUN,CHIMIANMOCAHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDERENENG,RUNHUABUDANG,JIANGHUIDAOZHILUNCHIDESUNSHANG,YINGXIANGJINGDU,ZAOSHENGYIHUIZENGDA。SHEJISHIYAOQIUCHILUNFUYOUSHIDANGDEJIANXI(NIEHELUNCHIDEFEIGONGZUOMIANJIANDEJIANXI,YIBUCHANGREBIANXINGYUZHUCUNRUNHUAYOUZHI)。DUIRUNHUAYOUZHIDEZHENGQUESHIYONGHEXUANZE,KEBAOZHENGXITONGANQUANYOUXIAOYUNXING,WENDINGZAOSHENGDENGJI。

4. 对齿轮运动系统的正确使用

ANZHAOXITONGZHENGCHANGCAOZUOSHUNXUSHIYONGTA,KEYIZUIDAXIANDUDIBIMIANXITONGDESUNSHANGJISUNHUAI,BAOZHENGWENDINGDEZAOSHENGDENGJI。ZAIXITONGDEZHENGCHANGFUZAIFANWEISHIYONGXITONG,YINWEICHILUNCHUANDONGXITONGCHUANDONGZAOSHENGSUIFUZAIDEZENGJIAERZENGDA。

5. 定期维护与保养

DINGQIDEWEIHUBAOYANG(HUANYOU,GENGHUANYIMOSUNLINGBUJIAN,JINGUJIANSONGDONGBUJIAN,QINGCHUXITONGNEIBUZAWU,DIAOZHENGGEBUJIANXIZHIBIAOZHUNGUIDINGZHI,JIANDINGGEXIANGJIHEJINGDUDENG。)KEYITIGAOXITONGDIKANGZAOSHENGDENGJILIEHUANENGLI,WEICHIXITONGZHUANGTAIWENDING。

结论

CHILUNCHUANDONGZAOSHENGKONGZHISHIYIGEXITONGGONGCHENG,TASHEJILECHILUNCHUANDONGSHEJI,ZHIZAO,ANZHUANG,SHIYONGWEIHUZHIZHIGENGXINDEQUANGUOCHENG,TABUJINDUISHEJIZHE,SHENGCHANZHIZAOZHE,YEDUIANZHUANGSHIYONGWEIHUBAOYANGZHETICHULEZHUDUOYAOQIU,SHANGSHURENHEHUANJIEWEISHOUDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI,CHILUNCHUANDONGZAOSHENGKONGZHIDOUJIANGGUIYUSHIXIAO。

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